current location: Home > food nutrition > content

What are the benefits of eating durian? Durian efficacy and role and nutritional value

2020-08-27 source:internet [ typeface:big medium small ]

Durian has high nutritional value. The pulp of durian is soft and sweet, and tastes like ice cream. Durian pulp contains 11% starch, 13% sugar, 3% protein, and a variety of vitamins. It is quite nutritious. Thai people use durian to replenish their health after illness and postpartum women. Local people regard it as the "King of Tropical Fruits".

What are the benefits of eating durian? The efficacy and function of durian, the nutritional value of durian

Introduction to durian

What are the benefits of eating durian? The effects and functions of durian. Durian, also known as Shaozi and civet fruit, is commonly known as "Golden Pillow" in Taiwan. It is a tropical deciduous tree of the Kapok family, with a tree height of 15-20 meters. It is generally believed that East India and Malaysia are the origins of durian. It was later introduced to the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar and other countries, and is also cultivated in small quantities in Hainan, China. Durian has oblong leaves with pointed tips and cymes. The flowers are light yellow in color. The fruit is about the size of a football. The skin is solid and densely covered with triangular thorns. The flesh is composed of arils. The flesh is light yellow in color, sticky and juicy. This is my first time to eat durian. The unusual smell can put many people away, but there are also many people who will be attracted by the special aftertaste and texture of durian after taking the first bite. Durian pulp contains a variety of vitamins, is rich in nutrients, and has a unique fragrance. It is known as the "King of Fruits".

The Chinese name "Durian" does not originate from "Lianwangwan". "Durian" is a foreign word, and the same as "coffee" is generally a transliteration.

1. Nutritional value of durian

Modern nutritional research has found that durian has extremely high nutritional value. Regular consumption can strengthen the body, strengthen the spleen and qi, tonify the kidneys and strengthen the yang, and warm the body. It is a nourishing and beneficial fruit. Durian is hot in nature, can activate blood circulation, dispel cold, and relieve menstrual pain, and is especially suitable for menstrual cramps. Women who suffer from dysmenorrhea can consume it; it can also improve abdominal coldness and promote body temperature rise, making it an ideal supplement for those with cold constitutions.

Both "Cihai" and "Compendium of Materia Medica" say that durian "can be used for medicinal purposes, with a sweet and warm taste, non-toxic, and is mainly used to treat diarrhea and cold air in the heart and soul." Although durian is rich in nutrients, it has the effects of strengthening the spleen, replenishing qi, tonifying the kidneys and strengthening yang. , but it is not suitable for everyone. It should not be eaten when you have a cold. People with high blood pressure and diabetes should not eat it, let alone drink it at the same time as alcohol. In Thailand, a diabetic patient died after eating four durians in a row. Therefore, the Thai Ministry of Health advises the public not to eat more than two durian petals a day. Generally healthy people can eat durian, but the daily intake should not exceed 100g. Durian is hot in nature, so don't eat too much. In order to avoid getting angry when eating, it is best to eat two or three mangosteens while eating durian. Mangosteen can suppress the warm heat of durian and protect the body from harm. When eating durian, you should also pay attention to those with dry throat, dry tongue, sore throat and other fever constitutions and yin deficiency constitutions; patients with diabetes, heart disease and hypercholesterolemia should not eat it.

What are the benefits of eating durian? The efficacy and function of durian, the nutritional value of durian

Durian fruit is extremely nutritious, contains a lot of sugar and is high in calories. Among them, the protein content is 2.7%, the fat content is 4.1%, the carbohydrate is 9.7%, the water content is 82.5%, and the vitamin content is rich, vitamin A, vitamin B: and vitamin C are all high. A large number of studies have proven that vitamin A is an important micronutrient necessary for the human body and has physiological functions in maintaining normal growth, reproduction, vision and anti-infection. The human body needs vitamin A to maintain epithelial cell tissue health, normal vision, promote growth and development, and increase resistance to infectious diseases. In addition, vitamin A also has the activity of anti-initiating genes that can inhibit tumor formation, playing a role in suppressing and anti-cancer. Vitamin B is an indispensable prosthetic group part of various oxidase systems in the body, participating in redox reactions and energy metabolism. Vitamin C has a wide range of physiological functions in the body. It can enhance the body's immune function, prevent and treat iron deficiency anemia, pernicious anemia and scurvy, promote the formation of collagen and the metabolism of steroids, and help maintain normal bones and teeth. Functions: anti-aging, inhibiting the synthesis of nitrosamines from nitrite and amines, and having anti-cancer effects.

The physiological functions of vitamins in durian fruit and their therapeutic effects on certain diseases cannot be ignored. Durian fruit also contains essential mineral elements for the human body. Among them, the content of potassium and calcium is particularly high. Potassium is involved in the metabolism and material transport of proteins, carbohydrates and energy, and helps prevent and treat high blood pressure. Calcium is an important substance for human bones. Insufficient calcium intake may hinder normal bone development. Elements such as zinc, iron, and magnesium are involved in the composition of various enzymes in the human body. When these enzymes are lacking in the body, it may lead to weakened immune function and disorders. Zinc plays a major role in the human immune system and defense functions. It is an important component of enzymes and plays a series of biochemical roles in sex hormone function. The reason why durian fruit has a strong tonic effect on the human body is that in addition to being rich in beneficial elements such as zinc, it should also have a synergistic effect with its aroma components and other nutrients.

In addition, durian fruit contains a full range of amino acids and is rich in content. In addition to tryptophan, it also contains 7 essential amino acids for the human body, among which glutamic acid content is particularly high. Animal experiments further prove that glutamic acid is an important precursor of nucleic acids, nucleotides, amino sugars and proteins. It participates in their anabolism and can improve the body's immune function, regulate the acid-base balance in the body, and improve the body's adaptability to stress. .

What are the benefits of eating durian? The efficacy and function of durian, the nutritional value of durian

2. Medicinal value of durian

Durian is rich in protein, fat, carbohydrates and fiber. It also contains vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin E, folic acid, niacin, inorganic elements calcium, iron, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, magnesium, selenium, etc. , is a tropical fruit with high nutritional density and balance. Modern medical experiments show that durian juice and peel contain a proteolytic enzyme that can promote the penetration of drugs into lesions, have anti-inflammatory and anti-edema effects, and improve blood circulation.

Modern medical research shows that the proteolytic enzyme extracted from durian juice and peel can enhance the hydrolysis of fibrin in the body after oral administration, dissolve blood clots, improve local circulation of body fluids, thereby eliminating inflammation and edema, and can be clinically used. Used as an anti-edema and anti-inflammatory agent. Durian protease is used together with antibiotics and chemotherapy drugs to promote the penetration of drugs into lesions, and can be used for inflammation, edema and thrombosis caused by various causes, such as bronchitis, acute pneumonia, mastitis, retinitis, etc. It is reported that durian peel is effective in treating senile pruritus.

3. Suitable people for durian

It can be eaten by the general population; 1 It can be used to nourish the body after illness and for women after childbirth; 2 People with diabetes should not eat it, and people with kidney disease and heart disease should eat it with caution.

4. Usage and dosage of durian

The unopened durian has a grassy smell, while the ripe one exudes the inherent aroma of durian. When buying unripe durians, wrap them in newspapers when you go home, light the newspapers, wrap them in newspapers again after burning, and put them in a warm place. After a day or two, you can smell the fragrance to prove that they are ripe. Pick them up when you want to eat them. Smash it gently on the ground to make a crack, pry it off from the opening and eat.

5. Precautions when eating durian

1 Durian that naturally cracks after maturity should not be stored for too long; if you smell a smell of alcohol, it must have gone bad and do not buy it.

2. Because durian has a thicker texture and tends to accumulate in the intestines, drinking more boiled water can aid digestion.

What are the benefits of eating durian? Durian efficacy and role and nutritional valueRelated Information