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The Health-preserving Effect and Medicinal Prescription of Lotus Root

2020-08-27 source:internet [ typeface:big medium small ]

The nutritional components of lotus root

  • heat quantity(kilocalorie)
  • 70
  • fat(gram)
  • 0.2
  • protein(gram)
  • 1.9
  • carbohydrate(gram)
  • 15.2
  • dietary fiber(gram)
  • 1.2
  • thiamine(mg)
  • 0.09
  • calcium(mg)
  • 39
  • riboflavin(mg)
  • 0.03
  • magnesium(mg)
  • 19
  • niacin(mg)
  • 0.3
  • iron(mg)
  • 1.4
  • vitamin C(mg)
  • 44
  • manganese(mg)
  • 1.3
  • vitamin E(mg)
  • 0.73
  • zinc(mg)
  • 0.23
  • vitamin A(mcg)
  • 3
  • copper(mg)
  • 0.11
  • Carotene(mcg)
  • 1
  • potassium(mg)
  • 243
  • phosphorus(mg)
  • 58
  • retinol equivalent(mcg)
  • 80.5
  • sodium(mg)
  • 44.2
  • selenium(mcg)
  • 0.39

After the Beginning of Autumn, fresh lotus root becomes one of the must-have dishes for people’s family banquets. The root of the lotus is called lotus root. Northerners often use it for cooking, so it is called lotus root or lotus root. In the south, it is generally called lotus root and is used for both fruits and vegetables.

The lotus root is born in the mud and is spotless. It is straight in the middle and straight on the outside. It has no vines or branches. It has been deeply loved by people since ancient times. There are three types of lotus root: red lotus root, white lotus root and twist lotus root. Red lotus root is long and thin in shape, with a brownish-yellow, rough skin, more powder, less water, and not crispy and tender; white lotus root is plump, tender and smooth in appearance, silvery white in color, crisp and juicy in texture, and rich in sweetness; twisted lotus root is Pink, rough in appearance and rich in starch.

The famous lotus root products from all over China include the lotus root from Suzhou, which is of high quality and was listed as a tribute in the Tang Dynasty. Its lotus root is known as "snow lotus root". Its color is as white as snow, tender, crisp and sweet. When eaten raw, it is comparable to a pear. The poet Han Yu once praised it as "colder than frost and sweeter than snow, and sweeter than honey, and a piece of it in the mouth will heal the illness". White-arm lotus root from Xizhu Township, Hanshou County, Hunan Province is as white as jade, as strong as an arm, and juicy as honey. It tastes tender, crispy, and watery, melts in the mouth, and leaves no residue when eaten. The red lotus root from Guixian County, Guangxi has a thick stem and is especially sweet when eaten raw and especially soft when cooked. It is said that when Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty visited the south of the Yangtze River, he specified that he wanted to taste the red lotus root in Guixian County. Nowadays, local people also like to set up a "full lotus root banquet" to entertain guests. Honghu lotus root in Hubei Province is rich in starch, protein, vitamins and other ingredients. It is delicious and refreshing. It has long been famous at home and abroad and is known as the "treasure in the water". Hangzhou people admire the lotus root from West Lake because it is as white and tender as a girl's arm, so they call it "Xi Shi's arm". In addition, famous lotus roots include Xuehu tribute lotus root from Anhui Province, Meirenhong from Baoying, Jiangsu Province, and large white flower from Nanjing.

Lotus root contains a variety of nutrients and asparagine, protein amino acids, trigonelline, acyl acid, sucrose, glucose, etc. Fresh lotus root contains 20% carbohydrates and is rich in calcium, phosphorus, iron and multiple vitamins. Fresh lotus root can be cooked alone or as an ingredient in other dishes. Such as lotus root meatballs, lotus root sausage, shrimp and lotus root dumplings, fried crispy lotus root shreds, fried lotus root crabs, simmered lotus root soup, fresh lotus root stewed ribs, cold lotus root slices, etc., are all popular home-cooked dishes that go well with wine and rice.

Lotus root can also be made into refreshing and refreshing drinks such as lotus root juice, lotus root honey juice, lotus root ginger juice, lotus root grape juice, lotus root pear juice, etc.

Lotus root can also be processed into lotus root powder, candied fruit and sugar tablets. It is a good tonic for old, young, women, children and patients with diseases.

Lotus root also has medicinal value. When eaten raw, it can clear away heat and moisturize the lungs, cool blood and remove blood stasis; when eaten cooked, it can strengthen the spleen, stimulate the appetite, stop diarrhea and solidify essence. The elderly often eat lotus root, which can regulate the heart and appetite, nourish the blood and marrow, soothe the nerves and strengthen the brain, and has the effect of prolonging life.

The autumn season is when fresh lotus roots are in season. In addition to containing a large amount of carbohydrates, fresh lotus root is also rich in protein and various vitamins and minerals.

Traditional Chinese medicine believes that raw lotus root is cold in nature and sweet and cooling when entering the stomach. It can eliminate blood stasis and cool blood, clear away heat and vomiting, and relieve vomiting and thirst. It is suitable for polydipsia, drunkenness, coughing up blood, and vomiting blood. Women should not eat raw or cold food after childbirth, except lotus root. This is because lotus root has a good effect in eliminating blood stasis, so there is a saying among the people that "freshly picked and tender lotus root is better than the imperial doctor". Ripe lotus root also changes from cool to warm in nature. It has the effects of nourishing the stomach, nourishing yin, strengthening the spleen and replenishing qi. It is a good food supplement. The lotus root powder made from lotus root is rich in nutrients and easy to digest. It has the effect of nourishing blood and stopping bleeding, and regulating appetite.

When eating lotus root, people often remove the lotus root joints. In fact, lotus root joints are a famous hemostatic medicine. They are sweet, astringent, and neutral in nature. They are rich in tannins and asparagine. They are specially used to treat various types of bleeding such as vomiting blood, Hemoptysis, hematuria, hematochezia, and uterine bleeding. Six or seven lotus root joints are commonly used among the people. They can be mashed into pieces and decoctioned with appropriate amount of brown sugar to stop bleeding. The effect is very good.

Lotus root belongs to the Nymphaeaceae family. There are two varieties of lotus root, namely seven-hole lotus root and nine-hole lotus root. Lotus root is warm in nature and rich in tannic acid, which has astringent and vasoconstrictive properties. Eating fresh lotus root raw or drinking its juice can play an auxiliary therapeutic role in patients with hemoptysis and hematuria. Lotus root is also rich in dietary fiber, which is very useful for treating constipation and promoting the excretion of harmful substances.

Wash the fresh lotus root and cut it into shreds, squeeze the juice with gauze, boil it and drink it slightly cool. It is a good drink for cooling the blood and nourishing the blood, strengthening the spleen and appetizing. The lotus root juice has the functions of moistening the lungs and calming down. It is best for children to drink lotus root juice during exams. 100 ml in the morning and evening; add some salt to the lotus root juice and drink it, it is effective for eye congestion; 10 pieces of raw lotus root decoction can treat hemoptysis; 500 grams of raw lotus root with skin, pound into juice, add 100 grams of sugar, stir well to make juice. Take it with boiling water at any time, and it has a good effect in treating gastric ulcer bleeding.

In addition, lotus root can be eaten raw or served cold with seasonings, and its taste is fresh, tender, crisp and refreshing. Or cut into shreds and fried with green pepper shreds, pork shreds, etc., it tastes delicious. It can also be cut into pieces and cooked with pork short ribs in soup, which is a delicious dish.

【Medicinal Prescription】

1. Hemophilia (epistaxis, tooth bleeding, hemoptysis): 1000 grams of fresh lotus root, 1 fresh pear, 500 grams of raw water chestnuts, 500 grams of raw sugar cane, 250 grams of fresh ground rehmannia, the same as juice, take 1 small cup each time , 3 to 4 times a day.

2. Heatstroke prevention: 250 grams of fresh lotus root, washed and sliced, add appropriate amount of sugar, decoct into soup instead of tea.

3. Postpartum hemorrhage: squeeze fresh lotus root juice, take 2 spoons each time, 3 times a day.

4. Leucorrhoea: half a bowl of lotus root juice, 3 red cockscomb flowers, decoct in water, mix with brown sugar and take twice a day.

5 Hemorrhoids and anal fissure: 500 grams of fresh lotus root, 7 silkworms, 120 grams of brown sugar, decoct in water, and take it with the soup for 1 week.

6. Acute gastroenteritis: 1500 grams of fresh lotus root, mash to extract the juice, and drink it with boiling water in two portions.

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